(Last Updated On: June 21, 2022)

Percentage Formulas in Maths

Percentage Formulas in maths : The word “cent” is derived from the Latin word “per centum”, which means “up to a hundred”. Percentages are those fractions that have 100 as the denominator. In other words, it is the relation between the part and the whole where the value of the whole is always taken as 100.

What is the percentage?

Percentage is a fraction or ratio in which the absolute value is always 100. For example, if Sam scored 30% on his math test, it means that he scored 30 out of 100. It is written as 30/100. 30:100 in terms of fractions and ratios.

Percentage Definition:

Percentage is defined as the part or amount given in every hundred. It is a fraction that has 100 as the denominator and is represented by the symbol “%”.

Percentage Formulas in maths
Percentage Formulas in maths

Calculate percentage with Percentage Formulas in maths

To calculate the percentage means to find the part of the whole in terms of 100. There are two ways to find the percentage:

by using the unitary method.
Change the denominator of the fraction to 100.

It should be noted that the second method for calculating percentages is not used in situations where the denominator is not a factor of 100.

How to get percentage

Percentage is another name for indicating hundredth. Thus, 1% is one hundredth, i.e. 1%=1/100=0.01.

Let us calculate the percentage using the above two methods.

When we have two or more values ​​that add up to 100, that number is the percentage of those individual values ​​to the total value. For example, Sally bought three different colored tiles for her house. The purchase details are given in the following table.

Colour Number of Tiles Rate per Hundred Fraction Written as Read as
Yellow 39 39 39/100 39% 39 percent
Green 26 26 26/100 26% 26 percent
Red 35 35 35/100 35% 35 percent

Since the total number of items adds up to 100, the percentage can be easily calculated.

What if the total number of items doesn’t add up to 100? In such cases, we convert the fractions to equivalent fractions, in which the denominator is 100.

For example, Emma has a bracelet made of 20 beads of two different colors, red and blue. Look at the following table which shows the percentage of red and blue beads out of 20 beads.

Percentage Formulas in maths
Percentage Formulas in maths

Emma’s sisters, Nora and Jenny, also calculated the percentage, but in different ways.

Nora used the unitary method. Using the unitary method to calculate the percentage, we say that out of 20 beads, the number of red beads is 8. Therefore, out of 100, the number of red beads would be 8/20 × 100 = 40%.

Jenny multiplied the numerator and denominator by 5/5 to convert the fraction 8/20 to an equivalent fraction 40/100.

So, 8/20= (8×5)/(20×5)

= 40/100

= 40%

Formula to calculate percentage

The percentage formula is used to find the part of a whole in terms of 100. you can represent a number as a fraction of 100 y Using this formula. If you look carefully, all the three methods of getting the percentage shown above can be easily calculated. By using the formula below:

Percentage = (Price / Total Value) × 100


percentage difference between two numbers

Percentage difference is the change in the value of a quantity over a period of time in percentage terms. Sometimes we need to know the decrease
or increase in some quantity as a percentage, also known as percentage change. For example, increase in population, decrease in poverty, etc.

We have a formula to show the change in quantity as a percentage. Two cases can come up while calculating the percentage difference and they are:

calculate percentage increase
Calculate percentage reduction
How to calculate percentage increase?

Percentage increase refers to the interchangeable change in price when it is increased over a period of time. For example, increase in population, increase in the number of bacteria on the surface, etc. The percentage increase can be calculated using the following formula:

Percentage Increase = (Increased Value – Original Value) / Original Value × 100

How to calculate percentage reduction?

Percentage reduction refers to the interchangeable change in price when it is reduced over a period of time. For example, reduction in rainfall levels, reduction in the number of covid patients etc. The percentage reduction can be calculated using the following formula:

Percentage reduction = (original value – reduced value) / original value × 100

Percentage formula

To determine the percentage, we need to divide the price by the total price and then multiply the result by 100.

Percentage Formula = (Value/Total Value)×100

Example: 2/5 × 100 = 0.4 × 100 = 40 percent

How to calculate percentage of a number?
To calculate the percentage of a number, we have to use a different formula like:

P% of number = X

where X is the required percentage.

If we remove the % sign, we have to express the above formulas as;

p/100 * number = x

Example: Calculate 10% of 80.

Let 10% of 80 = X

10/100 * 80 = X

x = 8

Percentage Difference Formula

If we are given two values ​​and we want to find the percentage difference between the two values, it can be done by using the formula:

\(percentage~difference = \frac{\left|N_{1}-N_{2}\right|}{\left[\frac{\left(N_{1}+N_{2}\right)}{2 }\right]} \fold 100\)

For example, if 20 and 30 are two different values, the percentage difference between them would be:

% difference between 20 and 30 = \(percentage~difference = \frac{\left|20-30\right|}{\left [\frac{\left(20+30\right)}{2}\right] } \times 100\)

Percentage increase and decrease

The percentage increase is equal to the subtraction of the original number from the new number, divided by the original number and multiplied by 100.

% increment = [(new number – original number)/original number] x 100


Increase in number = new number – original number

Similarly, the percentage decrease is equal to the subtraction of the new number from the original number, divided by the original number and multiplied by 100.

% decrease = [(original number – new number)/original number] x 100

where decrease in number = original number – new number

So basically if the answer is negative then there is a decrease of percentage.

Points to remember:

  • To find the percentage of the whole, find the value of 1% and then multiply by the percentage we want to find.
  • Any increase or decrease in quantity can be expressed as a percentage.
  • Fractions can be converted to percentages and vice versa.
  • Percentages are reversible. For example, 25% of 40 is the same as 40% of 25.

What do you understand by percentage?

In mathematics, a percentage is a value or ratio that represents a fraction of 100. Percent means per 100. It has no units.

What is the percentage of 45 out of 150?

Hint- Use percentage formula
(45/150) × 100 = 30%
What is 40% of 120?
40% of
= (40/100) × 120
= 48

What is the percentage symbol?

Percentages are represented by the ‘%’ sign. It is also called percentage.

What is the percentage formula?

The formula to calculate the percentage of a number by another number is:
Percentage = (Original Number/Other Number) x 100

How do you do minus one percent?

To subtract some percentage from a number, multiply that number by the percentage you want to keep. For example, to subtract 10% of 500, multiply 90% by 500.

What is the percentage formula in decimal?

To convert a percentage to a decimal, omit the percent sign (%), divide it by 100, and write the decimal form of the fraction thus obtained.

Can the percentage be greater than 100?

Yes, the percentage can be more than 100 when we have the value which is bigger than the total value.

What is the percentage change?

Percentage change is the change in percentage from the old value to the new value. It is calculated using the following formula: Percentage Change = (Difference between Old and New Values ​​/ Old Value) × 100%

How do we calculate percentage?

The percentage can be calculated by dividing the price by the total value and then multiplying the result by 100. The formula used to calculate the percentage is: (value/total value)×100%.

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