(Last Updated On: August 15, 2022)

Medical Vocabulary List: Medicines play an important role in medical science. They serve as the building blocks of the pharmaceutical sector. In this article, we have compiled a list of glossary of drug names to help readers have a better understanding of how these drugs work and the components. We have also included a list of details of these medicines, which will make the learning process even more fun.

Description of the drug Vocabulary words.

Medical Vocabulary List Drug Name Name Vocabulary Words

Doctors and medical professionals play a vital role in simplifying our lives. This article contains a list of medicines which will help us to understand the role and functioning of those medicines which are healing us on a daily basis.

List of  Medical Vocabulary List  Medicine Names Cosmetics

  • Capsule
  • Tablet
  • Solution
  • Oral rinse
  • Cough syrup
  • Antiseptic
  • Liquid
  • Lotion
  • Decongestant spray
  • Soft gel
  • Blood
  • Inhalers
  • Ointment
  • Implant or patches
  • Lozenges
  • Powder
  • Eye drops
  • Effervescent tablet
  • Drops
  • Injections
  • Toothpaste
  • Aspirin
  • Tablets that aren’t swallowed (referred to as buccal or sublingual tablets or liquids)

Medical Vocabulary List

Description of the Medicine Names Vocabulary Words

Medical vocabulary Capsules

Capsules contain the medicine enclosed in an outer covering. The outer covering is broken down in the digestive tract, and the drug is absorbed into the person’s bloodstream. The drug is then distributed throughout the body and metabolized in the same way as the drug in the tablet. Capsules are usually made with gelatin and can be of two types – hard and soft.

Tablet Medical vocabulary List

Tablets are medicines mixed with binder powder, which are molded and pressed into tablet form. It is a drug oral medicinal dosage. Most tablets have a thin coating that makes them easier to swallow, which helps the medicine dissolve in the stomach. They are the most well-known type of pill – a safe, inexpensive, and effective way of delivering oral medication.

Solution  Medical Vocabulary List

Medical solutions are essential for treating dehydration or cleaning and healing wounds. The drugs are dissolved in a liquid to form a solution, which is then consumed by the patient.

oral rinse Medical Vocabulary List

Oral rinse is a type of mouth wash used to reduce bacteria and germs in the mouth. It is also used to treat gingivitis (redness, swelling, bleeding gums). Mouth rinsing after brushing daily helps to keep the mouth clean and fresh.

Cough syrup Medical vocabulary List

Cough syrup is a liquid-like substance used to suppress cough. It acts by thinning and loosening the mucus in the airways, which clears congestion and makes breathing easier. It also works on that part of the brain, which reduces the urge to cough. It is consumed by people who want some relief from the persistent cough and discomfort that comes with it.

Aseptic suppressant

An antiseptic is used to stop or slow the growth of microorganisms. They are commonly used in hospitals and other medical centers to reduce the risk of infection during any surgery and other procedures. It is also prescribed by doctors to patients who have been infected with any virus or bacteria – for ailments such as common cold, flu, fever and abdominal pain.


In liquid medicines, the active parts of the medicine are combined with a liquid to make it easier to take or to be better absorbed. Liquid medicine is also often referred to as a solution, mixture, or syrup. It is mainly prescribed for children who are unable to consume tablets or capsules. Many liquid medicines have added color or sugar, and many do not.


Lotions are used to maintain the hydration level of the skin to lock the moisture. This keeps the skin soft, healthy and supple. Unlike any cream, lotion is less greasy and has a higher water content. They also have other added benefits, such as reducing flakiness and dryness of the skin. It also helps with skin conditions like infection, itching, pain or allergies.

Decongestant spray

Decongestant spray is used for the temporary relief of a congested nose that has become blocked by a number of conditions such as sinusitis, the common cold, allergies, and hay fever. It acts by constricting the blood vessels in the nasal region, reducing congestion and swelling. This makes breathing easier for a person who is experiencing nasal congestion.

Soft gel

This is a single dose of oral medication made in the form of a special capsule. It consists of a gelatin-based shell that surrounds a liquid filling. Soft gel balls are a combination of water, gelatin, opacifier, and plasticizers such as sorbitol or glycerin. It is a multivitamin product used to treat or prevent certain diseases, poor diet, or vitamin deficiencies that occur during pregnancy.

Blood  Medical vocabulary List

Blood transfusion is a medical procedure that is done to save lives. In many situations, patients need to be given blood, such as when there is blood loss due to an injury, or additional blood loss during surgery. Blood is collected from donors, and the donor’s blood is matched with the recipient’s blood before donating blood.


An inhaler is a device containing a medicine that one can inhale. Inhalers are the main form of asthma treatment. Inhalers can deliver medicines into the person’s airways, which will help prevent an asthma attack, relieve symptoms during an asthma attack, or help with both.


An ointment is a semi-solid oil-based preparation for external use intended to be applied only to the skin. Generally, they have a greasy or oily consistency and can appear ‘hard’ when applied to the skin. Ointments contain medicines that act on the skin.

implant or patch

Implants or patches are absorbed by the skin – as are nicotine patches that help you quit smoking or any contraceptive implants. These are commonly used as a longer lasting form of the drug which is used to treat any type of addiction. Patches adhere to the skin to deliver medicine to the body.


Lozenges are oral medications used to define dosage forms intended to slowly dissolve inside a person’s mouth for local distribution, primarily within the oral cavity. The numbing agents found in these lozenges help reduce the pain and soreness associated with a sore throat. They are mainly used for the systemic absorption of drugs.


Some medicines come as powders or granules and are taken by mouth. They can also sometimes be mixed with a small amount of water or food. This makes the intake of medicine much easier for people who find it difficult to take medicine, especially for children.

eye medicine

Eye drops can be used to treat a variety of eye problems. They are often a saline solution with medication. Antibiotic eye drops are prescribed by medical professionals to treat bacterial eye infections. They work by killing bacteria that enter the eye. Sometimes, the eye drops do not contain the drug and are used only for lubricating and tear-replacement solutions.

effervescent tablet

These tablets were designed to produce solutions that simultaneously release carbon dioxide. Typically, these tablets are made by compressing the active ingredients with a mixture of bicarbonate and organic acids such as tartaric and citric acids. They are used to simplify dosing operations, promote better, provide optimal compatibility, and increase the fluid intake of any patient.


A well-known term for any medicine taken in doses measured by drops. These are any liquid medicines that are administered using a dropper. It refers to the medicine that is applied to a specific area. These are mainly used where the active medicinal part works best when it reaches the affected area directly. They are mainly used for the ears, eyes or nose.


An injection is used to administer the pure liquid form of the medicine into the body’s tissues under the skin. It is injected using a sharp needle and a hollow tube. These shots are usually used when the person needs immediate results from medication. There are mainly three types of injections – subcutaneous, intramuscular and intravenous.

Toothpaste  Medical vocabulary List

Toothpaste is a gel or paste used with a toothbrush for cleaning teeth and maintaining health and beauty. Toothpaste is used to promote oral health and hygiene. It helps to strengthen the enamel that has been attacked by acid, removes stains from teeth, cleans and polishes teeth and also freshens breath.


Aspirin is a tablet used to reduce fever and to relieve mild to moderate pain caused by any number of conditions such as toothache, muscle aches, the common cold, and headache. Aspirin can be bought over the counter without a prescription. It has also been shown that taking aspirin daily can reduce the risk of cardiovascular events such as stroke or heart attack in people at high risk.

Tablets that are not swallowed (called buccal or sublingual tablets or liquids)

These look similar to normal liquids or pills, but should not be swallowed. Buccal medications are placed on the inside of the cheek so that the lining of the mouth absorbs the active ingredients. Sublingual medicines work the same way, but they are placed under the tongue. These drugs are prescribed only in specific circumstances.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *