(Last Updated On: November 24, 2022)

ESSAY ON FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES OF INDIA : The Fundamental Duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution are an integral part of the Constitution. Fundamental duties are the means of morally inferring the obligations towards the citizens of the country. They are made available to promote patriotism and uplift the sovereignty of India. There is no legal dispute in the duties but are to be performed by every citizen. Here is a long essay in which everything related to the fundamental duties of an Indian citizen is mentioned.

Long Essay on Fundamental Duties of India

Essay on Fundamental Duties in English 500 words

We have provided Fundamental Duty Essay in English suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.

“O Indians! Just as our ancient sages and sages, leaders and gurus have performed their duties faithfully, so you will not fail to perform your duties.” ~ Rigveda

Our constitution has given us many constitutional or fundamental rights, but we need to remember that it also includes some constitutional or fundamental duties! Rights and duties are inseparable. The existence of one without the other is meaningless. You cannot ask for a right without an equal duty or vice versa. They are two sides of the same coin. Even, Mahatma Gandhi once said: “It is the performance of a duty that protects our right. Rights cannot be separated from duties.” Surprisingly, Fundamental Duties were not a part of the original Indian Constitution when it was written at the time of Indian Independence. They were later added to the Constitution through a constitutional amendment in 1976.

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By performing the duties, it can be concluded that these duties were derived from Indian traditions, mythology, religions and practices. These duties were, essentially, a reflection of the Indian way of life. The concept of Fundamental Duties was taken from the erstwhile USSR Constitution, as socialist countries considered rights and duties to be of equal importance. Until that time, Japan was the only democratic nation that had duties to its citizens. Nevertheless, the absence of a ‘duty’ in the Constitution does not mean that the citizens of that country behave irresponsibly. Acording to fundamental duties under article 51a.

  • The National Flag and the National Anthem , To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions;
  • To cherish and follow for freedom of the noble ideals that inspired our national struggle;
  • To unity and integrity of India , uphold and protect the sovereignty ;
  • To render national service to the defense of the country and when called upon to do so;
  • To promote the spirit of harmony and equal brotherhood among all the peoples of India beyond religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices degrading to
  • the dignity of women;
  • To preserve and value the rich heritage of our composite culture;
  • protect and improve the natural environment, rivers and wildlife, including forests, lakes, and have compassion for living beings;
  • To develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry and reform;
  • protect public property and abstain from violence;
  • To higher levels of sustained effort and achievement , To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation rises ;To provide opportunities for education to a parent or guardian, to his child or, as the case may be, between the ages of six and fourteen years.

Fundamental duties are a constant reminder that along with rights, citizens also have some moral obligations towards the nation. Various nations around the world have adopted the principle of ‘responsible citizens’, and have moved towards the path of developed countries. Fundamental duties are of utmost importance in present times. For example, the duty under Article 51-A (g) calls for protecting the environment, which is extremely important today in the climate change crisis. The importance of these Fundamental Duties is immense.

Even the Bhagavad Gita and Ramayana tell people to perform their duties. Lord Krishna says in the Gita, “One should perform one’s duties without expecting any fruit.” Democracy cannot happen unless citizens become responsible for the progress of their country. A high sense of duty is essential for the survival of a democracy. Also, rights and duties must exist together. Rights without duties can lead to anarchy. Since ancient times, Indian culture has always emphasized on an individual’s “kartavya” – performance of his duties towards society, family and his country.

“It is the duty of every individual to contribute to the development and progress of India.” ~ Swami Vivekananda

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Fundamental Duties of India Essay – 1250 Words


The citizens of India enjoy certain fundamental rights to ensure democracy within the state. But, where rights come, there are certain duties that allow us to enjoy rights. These are known as fundamental duties. People enjoy certain rights and freedoms as a part of democracy; On the other hand, they should do a little duty towards the country. These duties should be strictly followed by Indian citizens, but unfollowing will not cause any harm. Fundamental duties are mentioned in Article 51A under Part IV A of the Indian Constitution.

These duties can be understood in such a way that if the state or country is solely responsible for providing certain powers and freedoms to its citizens, then it is the responsibility of the people to take care of certain responsibilities towards the state and their Follow. These fundamental duties ask the citizens to take care and follow the national symbols.

What are our fundamental duties?

Fundamental duties were included in the 42nd and 86th amendments of the Indian Constitution. Since India is a democratic state, the fundamental duties should not be imposed on the citizens of the country but should be followed by the people of India. In Article 51A of the Indian Constitution , Fundamental duties are mentioned as follows by fundamental duties under article 51a.

  1. Article 51(a)(a) asks the citizen to respect the national anthem and flag and compel the constitution of India.
  2. Article 51(a)(b) obliges the citizen to worship and follow the noble ideas of freedom struggle.
  3. Article 51(a)(c) asks the citizen of India to protect the integrity, sovereignty and unity of India.
  4. Article 51(a)(d) says, “perform its national duties and protect the country when the country requires it”.
  5. Every citizen should promote the spirit of harmony and brotherhood among all the people of India and renounce all offenses against women mentioned under Article 51(a)(e).
  6. Article 51(a)(f) urges to cherish and preserve the rich national heritage of our integrated culture.
  7. Citizens should protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, wildlife, rivers, forests etc. under Article 51(a)(g).
  8. Develop scientific temper, humanism and research spirit as per Article 51(a)(h).
  9. According to Article 51(a)(i) citizens are required to protect all public goods.
  10. Article 51(a)(j) states that citizens should strive for excellence in all individual and collective activities.
  11. Article 51(a)(k) stipulates providing educational opportunities for children aged 6-14 years and above and it is the responsibility as parents to ensure that these opportunities are available to their children.

What is the history of Fundamental Duties? (Significance)

Fundamental duties were added at a time when Indian democracy was going through a dark phase, the Emergency. It was implemented on the basis of the report of a 12-member committee headed by Swaran Singh. The report was considered and the Fundamental Duties were implemented in 1976, this being the 42nd Amendment. The idea of ​​adding Fundamental Duties was taken from the Constitution of the Union Soviet Socialist Republic. Article 29(1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948 was also considered for drafting the report of the Committee.

Earlier, there were only 10 fundamental duties. The 11th duty was added by the 86th amendment to the constitution in 2002. The Justice Verma Committee was established and steps were taken to implement these duties in every type of educational institution. This is the reason why students should sing the national anthem every morning.

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What is the importance of Fundamental Duties?

Fundamental Duties are also as important as Fundamental Rights if we do not know and perform our functions and duties. Again, we should not ask for authority. These rights not only teach moral values ​​but also help in knowing about patriotism and social values ​​in those circumstances. These duties will not cause any legal problems but citizens are asked to comply. Some of the important importance of Fundamental Duties are listed below-

  • It can reduce illiteracy in the country.
  • Nature must be preserved and protected so that a good environment can be guaranteed in the future.
  • It allows to claim fundamental rights, one must fulfill his duty and it will be examined in the court. If a person does not fulfill his fundamental duties, it becomes difficult to claim his fundamental rights.
  • It can increase loyal brotherhood and collective action of men leads the country towards excellence in all material fields.
  • It warns citizens not to act aggressively against the government.

Why should Indian citizens follow their fundamental rights?


Many people may ask whether Indian citizens perform their fundamental duties. The matter is important and worth considering. Although the law is a special law for those who do not perform their fundamental duties, it should be the responsibility of every citizen to perform the fundamental duties of Indian citizens. It guarantees a way of being socially, patriotically and morally. However, many Indian citizens do not perform these duties. It is a different matter that many of us do not know much about it. The reasons for the Indian citizens to perform their fundamental duties are mentioned below-

These duties remind citizens to build a free, responsible and healthy society.
It is imperative that citizens respect all these obligations while respecting integrity and contribute in promoting cultural harmony in the country.
These obligations to provide education for children and protect human rights are important steps towards eradicating the existing social injustice in today’s society.


Fundamental duties are the part of the constitution which inspire us to promote and respect patriotism for the country. As the responsible citizens of the country, we should know our basic duties towards the nation. Duties oblige us to respect our country and preserve its rich and heritage culture. It also urges us to take care of the environment in the form of wildlife, forests etc. Duties develop a sense of social structure and moral considerations. In educational institutions, these duties should be taught to the students in a good manner so that they can perform them or ask others to perform them. If we want something from the country, we have to give something to the country.

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Generally, they are lazy and selfish. They do not work hard and do not have the national spirit which other citizens have and hence the fundamental duties were included in the Constitution in 1976. Article 51-A prescribes ten duties, which shall be performed by every citizen of India.They are as follows:

(a) To abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institution, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

(b) For freedom, To cherish and follow the noble ideals that inspired our national struggle.

(c) To uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India.

(d) To defend the country and in doing so render national service.

(e) To promote the spirit of harmony and equal brotherhood among all the people of India irrespective of religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities, to renounce practices degrading to the dignity of women.

(f) To value and preserve the bright heritage of our mixed culture.

(g) To protect and improve the natural environment including lakes, rivers, forests and wildlife and to be kind to living beings.

(h) To develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry and improvement.

(i) for the protection of public property and for the prevention of violence,

(j) To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation continually moves towards higher endeavor and achievement.


Q.1 What is the definition of Fundamental Duties?

answer. Fundamental duty is the legal obligation of the citizen of a country to promote the patriotism and sovereignty of the country.

Q.2 In India , How many fundamental duties are there ?

answer. There are a total of 11 Fundamental Duties mentioned in the Indian Constitution.

Q.3 In which year Fundamental Duties were added?

answer. Fundamental duties were added in the year 1976 and 2002.

Q.4 From where are the Fundamental Duties taken?

answer. Fundamental Duties are derived from Article 29(1) of the Constitution of the USSR and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, 1948.

Q.5 Which article deals with Fundamental Duties?

answer. Article 51(a) in Part IV(a) deals with the Fundamental Duties in the Indian Constitution.

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