(Last Updated On: July 12, 2021)

Handwashing: Clean Hands Save Lives

Washing your hands is like a ‘do it yourself’ vaccine – it reduces the spread of diarrhea and respiratory tract disease, with 5 simple and effective steps (wet, bubble, scrub, rinse, dry). Washing hands regularly, especially before and after specific activities, is one of the best ways to eliminate bacteria, prevent illness, and prevent bacteria from spreading to other people. It’s quick and so easy, it can make us all sick. Apart from bacteria, hand washing is everyone’s victory.

Learn more about when and how to wash your hands, the importance of using soap and water, and what you can do without soap and clean tap water. Learn how hand hygiene protects you, your family, and others, whether you’re at home, at work, or already sick. more

Hand washing is as important as the actual surgery. Hand washing should be limited to a specific area called the sink. Please keep these hand sinks clean and working properly. Washing hands from dirty washbasin will not have any effect if there is more contamination. Hand washing stations should also be equipped with hand soap approved for use in food facilities and FDA approved hand sanitizer. These alcohol-based solutions should only be kept in a dispenser located over the sink. Keeping your hand disinfectant away from the sink may make you want to use hand disinfectant without washing your hands. Hand sanitizer can be used only after washing hands, it should not be changed

Know the benefits of staying clean when everyone else washes their hands. However, some people do not wash their hands after using the toilet. Is hand washing likely to affect human behavior, or is it likely to be related? If so, what are they? Can these factors cause or eliminate hand washing? In Smith’s research, self-identity theory considers self-recognition to increase compliance with social norms, therefore being one of the observed variables. Therefore, in order to understand others, people’s self-awareness drives them to follow the social norm of hand washing.

Many people think that hand washing is a common problem in removing dirt and bacteria from hands. In fact, washing your hands is much more than just common sense. “Washing hands is the most important means of preventing the spread of infection.” “Hand washing is a serious carrier of potential pathogens, we would agree. And this may reduce morbidity and mortality in nosocomial infected patients,” the Infection Prevention and Epidemiologists Association (APIC) said.


Hand wash is by far the most recommended and widely practiced, a type of self-medication that prevents diseases. It not only helps the person who practices it but also others who come in contact. In the essay, we will learn many things about hand washing, recommending its benefits and timing.

Short and long essay on hand washing

Essay 1 (250 words) – Does hand washing really work


Hand wash is a frontline hygienic action that prevents diseases and saves many lives annually. It may sound surprising, but hand washing alone saves millions of lives each year around the world, mainly young children.

How does hand wash work?

Germs get on your hands when you touch a surface, play or shake hands, etc. These germs can cause disease when they enter your body through entry holes like mouth, nose, eyes etc.

When you apply soap to your palm, it lubricates your palm with froth and bubbles, so that when you bring your hand under the tap, the germs are washed away with water. as simple as that! It is a simple yet very necessary action that prevents germs from entering your body and stays healthy.

Benefits of hand washing

The benefits of hand washing are given in the bulleted list below-

  • Prevent germs from entering our body.
  • Prevents diseases like diarrhea and influenza.
  • Prevents communicable diseases and bacterial infections to a great extent.
  • Reduces infant mortality by 50% in developing countries.
  • Very helpful in protecting people with weak immune system from getting infected.
  • Prevents major acute respiratory infections (ARIs) such as pneumonia.
  • Keep children away from diseases and focus on studies.
  • Saves a lot of money and resources when spent on health concerns.


Hand washing is a globally recommended hygienic practice. It is recommended by every medical professional and is extremely useful in preventing disease.

Handwashing Clean Hands Save Lives
Handwashing Clean Hands Save Lives

Why is it important to wash my hands?

Washing your hands is one of the easiest and most important things you can do to stay healthy and prevent the spread of bacteria and viruses like colds and flu and maybe even the coronavirus COVID-19.

How does the virus on my hands cause infection in my body?
Any virus on your hands can enter your body through the mucous membranes in your eyes, nose or mouth when you rub your eyes or touch your nose or mouth.

Think of all the things you touch every day – door handles, elevator buttons, door handles, ATMs, touchscreens, your cellphone (and all the surfaces you touch) – just to name a few! When you touch these objects, any virus capable of surviving on these surfaces can transfer to your hands. Whether you realize it or not, it is estimated that people touch their face at least 23 times an hour, according to the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

That’s why washing hands is very important.

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Essay 2 (400 Words) – Why and When Hand Wash is Necessary


We all must have heard the phrase – “Prevention is better than cure”. Washing hands is an act that makes this phrase particularly fitting as a perfect example. It prevents many diseases and saves many lives.

Hand washing prevents disease

Hand washing is very effective in preventing diseases and their spread from person to person. It prevents diseases like diarrhea and other respiratory diseases like influenza and pneumonia.

In developing countries, pneumonia kills about 1.8 million children under the age of 5. Pneumonia and diarrhea both cause the deaths of more than 3 million children globally every year. Studies have shown that in societies or families where hand washing is practiced regularly, the chances of infant mortality are reduced by about 50%. Hand washing also prevents the occurrence of many bacterial diseases that are spread by human-to-human contact.

When is hand washing recommended?

Experts and medical health professionals around the world have identified some critical times in our normal daily schedules when hand washing is highly recommended. These are given below.

  • After using the bathroom

Washing hands after using the bathroom and after defecation prevents many bacterial diseases and helps us to be healthy and happy.

  • Before changing baby clothes

Younger children, usually infants, are more vulnerable to infection because their immune systems are weaker. The mother of the child or any person caring for her must wash her hands before doing so, to protect the child from any possible infection.

  • Before feeding babies

Children are more likely to become infected through oral transmission, especially when they are being fed. Therefore, it is advisable for babies to wash their hands thoroughly before feeding.

  • Before eating and cooking

We should wash our hands thoroughly before eating or preparing food to prevent any oral transmission of viruses or bacteria through food. If we treat food with dirty hands then most likely we will infect the food, and eventually, the infection will reach our body.

  • Religion and hand washing

Hand washing is also mandatory in many religious texts of different religions. Many major religions around the world, such as Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Judaism, etc. offer the customary advice to wash hands with water only before entering a place of worship or eating food.


With the need and intensity of transition, the process of hand washing has evolved over the ages. Today we live in close contact with each other in a compact society, so hand washing is essential to stay safe and healthy.

What is the right hand washing technique?
There are only a few simple steps that can be taken to thoroughly clean your hands and prevent the spread of disease. The steps are:

  • Wet your hands with clean running water (warm or cold).
  • Lift your hands off the soap. Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds. There’s an easy-to-remember 20-second timer tool to silently “sing” the birthday song twice. Don’t forget to
  • wash your wrists, the backs of your hands, between your fingers and under your fingernails.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly under running water.
  • Shut off the water with your elbow.
  • Dry your hands with air dry them or a clean towel.
  • If you used a towel to dry your hands, use the same towel to open the bathroom door to leave the room. Throw the towels in the trash.

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Essay 3 (600 Words) – Importance and Steps of Hand Washing



Hand washing is a simple act of personal hygiene that significantly reduces many health hazards, communicable diseases, including viral, bacterial and Health professionals around the world recommend regular hand washing to stay away from diseases.

Washing hands saves lives – Importance of washing hands

Washing hands is a simple act that saves lives. Many deadly diseases like diarrhoea, influenza and others are prevented by hand washing. This simple act also reduces infant mortality by protecting against influenza and other diseases. Hand washing proves to be a life saver in case of home delivery. The practice of hand-washing by medical professionals before treating the mother or the child protects both from infections that could otherwise prove fatal.

In developing countries like India, hand washing is credited with reducing infant mortality by almost 50%. It also saves a lot of lives and resources.

5 easy ways to wash your hands

Hand washing is very easy and can be practiced as many times as needed. Please see below the five simple steps involved in hand washing.

wet your hand

The first step in hand washing is to moisten your hand with an appropriate amount of water. The water should be enough to lubricate your hand so that it lathers when you rub the soap. Be careful hand wash is necessary but not to waste water as it is very precious.

choose a soap bar

Soap is an important part of hand washing. Without soap, the effectiveness of hand washing is significantly reduced. You can use soap bars or liquid soap, whichever is available.

rub it evenly

The next step of hand wash is to rub the soap evenly on your palm. Take the time for at least 30 seconds to bubble up and rub your palm back and forth between the fingers as well.

rinse well

Now it’s time to wash hands. Turn on the tap and wash your hands evenly with water. Even while washing, you should keep rubbing your palm to make sure that there is no soap residue left.


This is the last step in the hand washing process but is by no means the least important. It is very important to make sure that the towel or cloth you use to dry your hands is clean and not used by anyone else. If you use a dirty cloth/towel which may be infected with bacteria, the whole hand washing process will come to naught.

when to wash hands

Some of you might be wondering which is the best time to wash hands. There is no specific best time to wash hands; But every time is the best time. However, for your convenience, please refer to the moments in our daily schedule when hand washing is recommended.

before eating

Washing hands before meals helps to prevent bacteria and viruses from entering our body through food. While eating, we tend to touch the food, whether we use a fork or a spoon; There is always a chance in the form of a slip. Also, in our country, it is a common practice to eat using hands without using cutlery. Hence, hand washing becomes very important for the people of India.

after playing

when you go out to play; You come in contact with dirt, dust and many other things that can infect your hands. Therefore, it is advised that you wash your hands properly when you return home from sports.

return from school/office

You should wash your hands thoroughly while returning home from office, school or any other place. In these places we come in contact with many people and touch many surfaces knowingly or unknowingly. Therefore, on returning home, we should wash our hands to protect ourselves and others from diseases.


Hand washing is a self-motivated health measure. It is a very simple act, yet powerful enough to save a lot of lives and diseases. We all should make a habit of washing hands and motivate others to do the same.

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Do I need to use antibacterial soap to wash my hands?
No, not at all, U.S. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA says there is no evidence that the use of consumer-labeled “antibacterial” soap is better at preventing disease than ordinary soap and water. Actually all soaps are antibacterial. And since the germs you’re exposed to include viruses, it makes even less sense to worry about soaps labeled “antibacterial.”

Wash for at least 20 seconds

Reliable sources from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend scrubbing hands for at least 20 seconds. In the absence of a timer, they suggest singing the song “Happy Birthday” twice while washing.

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions About Handwashing Clean Hands Save Lives

Q.1 Why is it necessary to wash hands with soap?

answer. Washing hands with soap helps to remove germs and chemicals effectively.

Q.2 How long should we wash our hands?

answer. We should wash our hands for at least 20 seconds.

Q.3 Why is it important to dry hands after washing hands?

answer. We should wipe and dry our hands after washing because wet hands can spread germs.

Q.4 How can we wash our hands when we are out?

answer. We can use hand sanitizers with 60% alcohol composition to clean our hands.

Q.5 Can hand washing help prevent COVID-19?

answer. Yes, frequent hand washing does not spread the infection and thus does not cause Kovid-19 infection either.

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