(Last Updated On: October 24, 2021)

Essay on Public Transport: Whenever you walk or drive on the road you see many other vehicles running other than yourself, which carry many passengers at a time. These vehicles constitute the public transport of a city or a locality.

As the name suggests, public transport is easily accessible to the general public. It includes vehicles like auto, taxi, bus, tram, metro rail, train etc. These public transport facilities are shared by all without any discrimination. It can carry many people from one place to another at a time.

Public transport existed from time immemorial. Public transport is usually managed by the government or private organizations. In some countries public transport is managed by private organizations and in some places it is government owned. Public transport in countries like India is owned and managed by the government and charges minimal fees so that it is affordable for the common people.

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Transportation has become an essential part of life today. It is very difficult to live without any transport as the world has turned into a global village.

In today’s modern era with the advent of new technologies and new vehicles are introduced with high speed which takes less time to reach the destination. People are always looking for faster and easier means of traveling to their destination. They want a less time consuming mode of transport at a lower cost. To achieve this, people have vehicles to travel, but there are a large number of people who cannot afford their own vehicle, for such people public transport proves to be a boon.

Encouraging people to use public transport is a good way to reduce pollution and other traffic problems. If better public transport facilities are provided, it will discourage the use of personal vehicles. This will also help in saving time, energy, money and other resources.

Long Essay on Public Transport

Since ancient times, transport was a necessity for man to go from one place to another. Humans have evolved from simply walking to using animals as a means of transportation in the time that vehicles were created.

But in today’s modern era, people usually opt for private vehicles, which leads to more vehicles plying on the road leading to heavy traffic jams and air pollution. This is the biggest problem especially in cities. The only way to solve this problem is to encourage people to use public transport instead of using private vehicles as it is the best and easiest way that people can choose.

Public transport has become an essential part of today’s modernization and growing technologies. Public transport is defined as the transport provided for the common people. Public transport is the cheapest mode of transport which is cheap for common people. One of the major benefits of using public transport is that it reduces the number of vehicles plying on the roads and gradually slows down the pollution.

When the use of public transport increases, there will be less private vehicles on the road. Some modes of public transport like high-speed trains, metro trains, trams cause zero pollution as they run on electricity. Another advantage is that people can do anything while taking public transport because you can complete an assignment, read a book or do any type of work.

Also, using public transport also saves a lot of money. People don’t need to buy their own vehicles. The fares of buses or taxis are cheaper than that of private vehicles as compared to diesel prices. Also people do not have to spend a lot of money on the maintenance of their vehicles or worry about parking.


Essay on Public Transport
Essay on Public Transport  Photo by Quang Nguyen Vinh from Pexels

But every aspect also has its negative side. Taking public transport when it is crowded can be an uncomfortable experience. Being stuck in a crowded bus or train for hours is an unpleasant experience for anyone. Also there is lack of cleanliness in public transport. They are sometimes very upset. Also when you are in a hurry to reach the destination, public transport cannot help you in achieving your goal as they run on their scheduled time.

The means of public transport also play an important role in the development of the country’s economy. The better the means of transport, the faster the growth rate of the economy. At the same time, there should be a proper network of public transport means in the villages, so that economic activities can automatically increase there.

Public transport is the easiest mode of transport. Public awareness should be increased to make maximum use of public transport. This in turn will reduce pollution, traffic jams and also reduce the rate of accidents as public transport has to undergo several safety measures. And public transport is always cheaper than private. Governments and organizations should try to provide maximum facilities to the public to use public transport.

Public Transport in India : Essay, Advantages & Disadvantages

While walking on the road or driving your vehicle you must have noticed that many other vehicles run on the road, carrying many passengers at a time. These vehicles, whether large or small, constitute the public transport of a city or area.

As the name suggests, public transport are those modern modes of transport which are easily accessible to the general public like bus, tram, mono/metro rail, ferry, train etc. As compared to private modes like two wheelers, car. e.t.c

These public transport facilities are generally shared publicly without discrimination. This is often referred to as ‘mass transit’, as they move many people from one place to another at a time.

Although public transport existed in early times, it was not as organized and widespread as it is today. Public transport is usually owned and managed by an authority whether public or private.

Public transport is privatized in some countries/cities of the world; being owned and managed by a private entity and as such charges a substantial amount to provide the service, and in some places it is owned by the government, where it is sometimes fully subsidized or Paid by the government and sometimes charged a minimal fee, in countries like India public transport is owned and managed by the government and is also subsidized.

Mode of Public Transport

Means of public transport vary from region to region. Some of the main reasons for these variations could be; landscape/topography (i.e. surface features of an area), geographical conditions and most importantly the level of development in the area concerned; The higher the level of development in the region, the more sophisticated and high-speed the means of transport are.

Broadly, the modes of public transport can be classified into the following three types:

Road Transport- It is the most visible and widespread mode of transport within a city. Road transport includes buses, trams, tempos, auto-rickshaws, etc.

Railways – Generally, railways carry the largest number of passengers from the source to their destination. Also, they are the most suitable means for long distance land travel. Railway provides connectivity between/between cities.

In the all world , India has the largest railway network . We have a wide range of trains based on their speed like Rajdhani/Shatabdi Express – Luxury trains like ‘Palace on Wheels’ Maharaja Express, Trains for a Specific Purpose – Tiger Express, Long Distance Trains – Duronto Trains, Old Trains -Himalayan Fairy Queen Train, etc.

Airways- Travel was once considered a form of luxury for some wealthy people; This mode of transport is increasingly capturing the share of passengers through budget airlines, especially in middle-income countries. In travel routes where land connectivity does not exist or, if there is, it is too far and it is inconvenient to travel by road, air travel is a great savior.

Waterways – Apart from the above three, waterways transport is also emerging as a major and quite promising mode of public transport for long, very long, as well as medium distance travel.

This mode of transport is ideal for carrying large quantities of cargo with a large number of passengers. Waterways are basically developed along rivers, lakes or other large water bodies connecting distant destinations.

Public Transport: Advantages & Disadvantages


  • Using public transport to and from work is often a huge money saver, sometimes passes are also provided to daily commuters which further add to their savings.
  • Greater promotion of travel through public transport will reduce the number of private vehicles on the road, resulting in less congestion and ensuring smooth flow of traffic on the road.
  • Modern means of public transport like bullet train, metro train, high speed luxury trams provide good amount of comfort to its passengers.
  • Traveling via public transport develops a sense of belonging within the travel fraternity. Traveling long distances through these means also gives us a sense of security.


  • One’s privacy can be compromised while traveling via public transport as one has to travel with multiple co-travellers.
  • In some developing countries of the world, means of public transport are not maintained with proper hygiene, which discourages a large section of commuters from using them.
  • The lack of door step connectivity also leads to less use of public transport facilities by the general public. Because in our daily life there are many urgency which really demands door step connectivity which can hardly be met through public transport.
  • The lack of comfort faced by the commuters in public transport is a major problem which they face almost daily, sometimes even the most needy of them cannot take a seat.
  • If one is in a real hurry, they may be late in reaching their destination, as the public transport vehicle has to make frequent stops at each stop. And that’s why it also takes time.

Public transport and economy

The means of transport act as the nerves for the development of the economy. The smoother the veins, the faster the growth rate of the economy. Good connectivity is one of the key factors in the rapid growth of the economy, and it is the responsibility of public transport as a whole.

This can be understood as, when the working population in a city leaves their places to go to work in the morning, most of them use public transport vehicles to reach their destination.

If their journey is smooth, non-busy, comfortable, they will be able to start with full energy and determination till they reach their destinations and places of work. On the other hand, if there is a lot of traffic jams and cumbersome travel, by the time they reach their workplace, the enthusiasm, energy level, motivation is already depleted.

Moreover, in villages, especially in developing countries like ours, there is no proper network of means of public transport, which automatically slows down the economic activities there.


“Public Transport, Environment and Sustainable Development”

With the use of some innovative methods like non-polluting, non-fossil fuels like CNG, carpooling etc in everyday public transport, we can easily handle the ongoing dilemma between development and environmental sustainability, by reducing pollution, and improving ambient air quality.

Moreover, public transport is a social good, which means that it belongs to evuyjhmn963.*-eryone in the society and to some extent the responsibility for their proper upkeep and maintenance lies with the general public as well.

As we know that the vehicles of public transport run on the road more than the vehicles of private transport. This means, they also have a greater share in the amount of pollution being spread by these vehicles.

Better public transport facilities would discourage the use of personal vehicles over two or four wheelers, as they would help in saving time, energy, money and resources, which could be used for some other productive work and would be more economical and efficient. The development of the nation can be sustainable

FAQ’s on Public Transport Essay

Question 1. What are the benefits of using public transport?

answer: Public transport is beneficial for your overall health and also has a positive impact on the environment.

  • Commuting by public transport is a great form of extra physical activity in your daily routine.
  • Public transport is cheaper than traveling in your own vehicle. It can also reduce the cost of maintenance of your vehicles.
  • As public transport increases, private vehicles will decrease and thus it will control the pollution caused by the number of personal vehicles.

Question 2. Why do people choose their vehicle nowadays?

answer: Public transport offers many facilities and is the easiest way to travel, although people generally prefer private ones for the following reasons.

  • The public transport system does not maintain proper sanitation.
  • Public transport can be slower than private because of the set speed limit.
  • Public transport stops at a fixed destination so the traveler has to look for additional means to reach his destination.
  • Public transport has fixed schedules which are inconvenient for some commuters.
  • Public transport is overcrowded and private space may not be available.
  • Most vehicles are also not modified for people with disabilities and senior citizens.
  • Long waiting hours.

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