(Last Updated On: September 24, 2021)

Mahatma Gandhi Essay in English (महात्मा गांधी एसे इंग्लिश में): Mahatma Gandhi, the messenger of non-violence and the preacher of truth, was born on October 2, 1869 in Gujarat. He belonged to an affluent family. Throughout his school days, he remained a shy boy but was a regular and good student. He later went to England to study law and became a barrister.

Then he returned to India and started practicing in the Bombay High Court. But he was not much interested in the legal profession. Hence, he joined the struggle for the independence of India.

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essay on mahatma gandhi in english for class 5
Essay on Mahatma Gandhi

Long and Short Essays About Gandhiji

He went to South Africa. There he tried his best to make a lot of Indians better. He endured all the hardships but stood firm on his faith.

He could not bear the pathetic plight of the suffering and starving Indian masses under the British rule. Mahatma Gandhi sacrificed everything to uproot the British from the soil of India.

His entire life is a saga of valor and sacrifice. Freedom was the breath of life of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1919 he started a non-violent and peaceful movement. He started the ‘Khadi Movement’ to encourage the use of hand made fibers like Khadi or Jute. The ‘Khadi Movement’ was part of a larger movement “Non-Cooperation Movement” which encouraged the use of Indian goods and boycott of foreign goods.

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Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in English (Mahatma Gandhiji in rtfgvb)

Mahatma Gandhi was a man of strong and firm faith. He had a noble soul. He wore very simple clothes and had a simple vegetarian diet. He was not only a man of words, but also of action. He practiced what he preached. His approach towards various problems was non-violent. He was a god-fearing man. He was the apple of everyone’s eyes. He hated communalism in every form or form. He was universally loved and adored. That is why the Indian public gave him the title of ‘Mahatma’.

The role played by Mahatma Gandhi on the stage of Indian politics is unforgettable. In those stormy days of the struggle for Indian independence, Gandhiji suffered many times and was imprisoned but the freedom of his motherland remained his cherished goal. He guided many freedom struggles and started the “Quit India Movement”.

Conclusion on Mahatma Gandhi Essay

His tragic death on 30 January 1948 left the entire nation in grief. He was murdered by a Hindu fanatic. His death was the biggest blow to the forces of peace and democracy. The memorable words of Lord Mountbatten are worth quoting, “India, indeed the world, will probably not see people like him for centuries.” His death left a huge void in the life of the nation. His birthday is celebrated on 2 October as ‘Gandhi Jayanti’, which is a national holiday in India and around the world as ‘International Day of Non-Violence’.

The world still loves and respects this stalwart of the twentieth century who left an indelible mark on the sands of time.

Important Fact About Mahatma Gandhi

  • “I Follow Mahatma” K.M. A book written by. Accountant.
  • Gopalkrishna Gokhale was Gandhiji’s political mentor.
  • Leon Tolstoy is considered Gandhiji’s spiritual mentor.
  • Gandhi’s original autobiography was ‘Satya Na Karogo’, written in Gujarati language.
  • The French novelist who wrote the biography of Gandhiji was Romain Rolland.
  • Gandhiji named Tagore as ‘Gurudev’.
  • Gandhiji called the Temple Entrance Proclamation a wonder of the modern era.
  • Gandhiji called the lower class people Harijans which means ‘sons of God’.


Essay on Mahatma Gandhi for Class 5

Mahatma Gandhi is a great personality of India who continues to inspire the people of the country and people around the world even today. Gandhi devoted his entire life to the struggle for India’s independence from British rule. Gandhi believed in non-violence and unity of the people. He brought spirituality to Indian politics.
We are providing two essay samples for class 5 on the topic ‘Mahatma Gandhi’ for reference.

Short essay on mahatma gandhi of 100 words

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi commonly known as ‘Bapu’ was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He was a freedom fighter who led many movements against British rule to lead India towards independence.

He is known for his method of non-violence to fight against injustice. Rabindranath Tagore gave him the title of ‘Martyr of the Nation’ since 1948. He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by the Hindu activist Nathuram Godse.

Although Mahatma Gandhi was successful in making India independent in 1947, he was deeply hurt and cried over the partition of India. The people of the country loved him very much.
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150 words long essay on Mahatma Gandhi

The full name of Mahatma Gandhi was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Nevertheless, he was popularly known as ‘Bapu’. He was the leader of nationalism in British-ruled India. He was a freedom fighter who followed the path of non-violence in leading India to independence from British rule.

He was born on 2 October 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat. He studied law in England and later moved to South Africa to fight for the rights of South-African Indians and thus became a political activist. Mahatma Gandhi is known worldwide for his twenty-four day ‘Salt March’ or ‘Dandi March’ in 1930.

Mahatma Gandhi led three main movements, known as the Non-Cooperation Movement, the Civil Disobedience Movement and the Quit India Movement, which were the forces that led to India’s independence in 1947. He had successfully inspired many common people to fight for their rights. He was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30 January 1948.

10 lines on mahatma gandhi in english

  • Mahatma Gandhi is called the father of the nation in India.
  • He was born on 2 October 1869 and hence that day is celebrated as Gandhi Jayanti.
  • His father’s name was Karamchand Gandhi and mother’s name was Putlibai.
  • He was a lawyer in his early days and later became a political activist.
  • He spread the idea of ​​non-violence among the people to fight for their rights.
  • He was the leader of major independence movements like non-cooperation, civil disobedience and Quit India movements.
  • Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1915.
  • Gandhi is best known for leading the ‘Salt March’, also known as the ‘Dandi March’, in 1930, which lasted for 24 days.
  • He was assassinated on 30 January 1948 by the Hindu activist Nathuram Godse.
  • Mahatma Gandhi had successfully inspired many people but was disappointed by the partition of India after independence.

Gandhi Jayanti Essay | Essay on Gandhi Jayanti for Students and Children 2 October

Essay On Mahatma Gandhi: Biography Of Mahatma Gandhi | 800+ Words

In this article, we have shared 800+ words essay on Mahatma Gandhi, which covers the childhood, marriage , birth and education of Mahatma Gandhi.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi is also known as Mahatma Gandhi who is considered to be the father of this country. He was the leader of the nationalist movement in the freedom struggle against the British rule. He was an Indian lawyer, political moralist, anti-colonial nationalist, writer and a compassionate man.

Birth and childhood

Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 at a place called Porbandar in Gujarat in North West India. His father Karamchand Gandhi was a political figure and also the Chief Minister of Porbandar. His mother named Putlibai Gandhi was , previous wives having died childhood. Gandhi was born in a Vaish family, so he learned many things like non-injury to living beings, tolerance and vegetarianism from an early age.


In May 1883, he was 13 when he married a girl who was also 13, named Kasturba Makhanji, the marriage arranged by his parents. Together they had four sons, Harilal (1888), Manilal (1892), Ramdas (1897), Devdas (1900).


In this essay on Mahatma Gandhi, let us know about the education of Mahatma Gandhi. Porbandar did not have enough opportunities for education, all the children in the school used to write in the dust with their fingers. However, he was lucky that his father became the chief minister of another city called Rajkot. He was mediocre in education. At the age of 13, he lost a year in school due to marriage. He was not a shining student in the classroom or the playground, but he always followed the orders given by the elders.

So he did not go through adolescence like other children. He wanted to eat meat but never did because of his parents’ beliefs. In the year of 1887, Gandhi passed his matriculation examination from Bombay University and joined a college called Samaldas College in Bhavnagar. By then it was clear to him that he would have to become a barrister if he was to maintain his family tradition and become a high-ranking person in the state of Gujarat.

At the age of 18, he was offered to continue his studies in London and was not very happy at Samaldas College, so he accepted the offer and moved to London in September 1888. After arriving in London, he was finding it difficult to grasp the culture and understanding. English language. A few days after his arrival, he joined a law college called Inner Temple, one of the four law colleges in London.

It was not easy for him to change life from a city to India studying in a college in England, but he took his studies very seriously and started brushing up on his English and Latin language. His vegetarianism became a very problematic subject for him as everyone around him was eating meat and he started feeling embarrassed.

Some of his new friends in London said that “not eating meat would make him physically and mentally weak. But eventually, he found a vegetarian restaurant and a book that helped him understand the reason for becoming a vegetarian. Wanted to eat meat himself but never because of his parents but now in London he is convinced that he has finally switched to vegetarianism and never thought of eating meat again.

After some time he became an active member of the society called London Vegetarian Society and started participating in all the conferences and magazines. In England Gandhi not only met food fanatics but also met some men and women who had extensive knowledge about Bhagavad-Gita, Bible, Mahabharata, etc. From him, he learned a lot about Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity and many others.

He met many people who were rebels who did not support the Victorian establishment from these people, Gandhi gradually assimilated politics, personality and more important ideas. He passed his studies from England and became a barrister but some painful news awaited him on his return home in India. Gandhi’s mother died in January 1891 while Gandhi was still in London.

He returned to India in July 1891 and began a legal career but lost his first case in India. He soon realized that there was a huge rush in the legal profession and changed his course. He was then offered to become a teacher at Bombay High School but he turned it down and returned to Rajkot. With dreams of living a good life, he began drafting petitions for the litigants, which soon ended with the discontent of a local British official.

¥Fortunately in the year 1893, he got an offer to go to Natal, South Africa and work there for 1 year in an Indian firm as it was on contract basis.

Civil Right Movement in Africa


South Africa was waiting for him with lots of challenges and opportunities. From there it started growing a new leaf. Two of his four sons were born in South Africa. There too he had to face many difficulties. Once he was defending his client and had to run away from the court because he was so nervous, he could not speak properly. But a bigger problem awaited him, as he faced racial discrimination in South Africa.

On his journey from Durban to Pretoria, he faced a lot of problems ranging from ‘being asked to take off his turban in court’ to ‘traveling on car footboard to make room for European travelers’, but he refused. He was beaten up by a taxi driver and thrown out of the first class compartment but these examples made him stronger and gave him the strength to fight for justice.

He started educating others about their rights and duties. When he came to know about a bill to deprive Indians of their right to vote, it was at this time that others begged him to fight on their behalf. He eventually became an accomplished political campaigner in July 1894 at the age of 25.

He drafted petitions and got them signed by hundreds of compatriots. He was not able to stop the bill but was able to attract public attention in Natal, England and India. After this he built several societies in Durban. He sowed the seeds of unity in the Indian community.

Very famous newspapers of that time such as The Times of London and The Statesman and Englishman of Calcutta were writing about him which could measure his success. He started wearing the white Indian dhoti during this time period which later became his trademark. He started a non-violent protest against the tax, also known as “Satyagraha”, where he led a march with over 2000 people and was later arrested and jailed for nine months. are.

His Contribution in India’s Freedom Struggle and Achievements

Back in India, in the year of 1919, the British began to arrest and imprison anyone suspected of treason, when Gandhi stood up and began nonviolent disobedience. Gandhi’s vision of India’s independence became clear after a tragic incident when over 20,000 protesters were openly fired by British forces in the city of Amritsar.

400 people were killed and 1000 were injured. He started a massive boycott of British goods and institutions and asked everyone to stop working for the British. He was arrested again in 1992 and received a prison sentence of 6 years. In 1930 he embarked on the Salt Yatra and a very famous expedition of 390 km to the shores of the Arabian Sea.

Around 60,000 Salt Act protesters, including Gandhi, were jailed. At the time of World War II, Gandhi started his campaign if Quit India to end British rule from the country, he was again arrested and jailed along with many other famous leaders of the Indian Congress. He met King George V on behalf of the Indian National Congress, but did not make much progress.

After the end of the war, Britain’s government was changed and progress was made, this time they were ready to discuss independence for India, but after a tragic event the country was divided into India and Pakistan. India got independence in 1947. In the year of 1948, a Hindu extremist assassinated Gandhi. In this Essay on Mahatma Gandhi, learn about the contribution made by Mahatma Gandhi!

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What he was famous for?

He was known for his silent protest, disobedience campaign, satyagraha and passive resistance in India. His death put India in mourning for 13 days, his birthday 2 October is celebrated as a national holiday in India.

Why was he called Mahatma?

The title Mahatma means “Great-spirit”. It is a title which was given to him by Rabindranath Tagore but he feels that he does not deserve this title so he never accepted it.

Books dedicated to him or written by him

He was a writer from an early age, he loved to write books and there are many books written by him. Some of the most famous among them are Gandhi’s Autobiography, Essential Gandhi, Hind Swaraj and Other Writings, Gandhi’s Words, Satyagraha in South Africa and many more.

Many writers have written about Mahatma Gandhi, some of them are Great Soul by Joseph Lelyveld, Gandhi Before India by Ramachandra Guha, The Good Boatman by Rajmohan Gandhi, Gandhi: Judith M. The Prisoner of Hope by Brown, etc.

While writing an essay on Mahatma Gandhi, you can include books dedicated to him or his biographies.


Mahatma Gandhi struggled a lot from his early life but despite all the hardships he made his way. And that is a very important part of our freedom history.

We hope that we have covered all the details in this essay on Mahatma Gandhi for you to write a complete essay


FAQ on Mahatma Gandhi Essay

question 1.
What is the essay of Mahatma Gandhi?

Mahatma Gandhi, the messenger of non-violence and the preacher of truth, was born on 2 October 1869 in Gujarat. He belonged to an affluent family.

Question 2.
Why is Mahatma Gandhi called the Father of the Nation?

Mahatma Gandhi is called the Father of the Nation because he is the one who divided India from foreign domination and established India as a nation.

Question 3.
Who was the father of the nation, tell in a hundred words?

The Father of the Nation is Mahatma Gandhi, his full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He was honored by Mahatma which means great soul and this name was given by his great friend Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat.

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