(Last Updated On: August 27, 2021)

Essay on ISRO For UPSC : All Space Research and development done by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the national space agency of India. It was established in 1969 to develop an Indian space program. ISRO works through a nationwide network of centres. ISRO is the primary agency that deals with space based applications.

ISRO has launched more than 50 satellites from other countries. In India, satellites are manufactured, developed and launched by ISRO. Space and planetary research and their development are carried out with the help of space-based experiments carried out by ISRO. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam had a major role in building the Indian Satellite Launch Vehicle while working on several important projects of ISRO.

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long and short essay in english on isro for students and kids

We are providing essay samples to students on Essay topic on ISRO 500 words long essay and one short essay of 150 words for reference.

Short Essay on ISRO For UPSC 150 Words in English

Short essay on ISRO is usually given to class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

For Government of India , ISRO is a space agency. Its headquarter is located in Bangalore city of Karnataka. By our former Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru , ISRO was established in the year 1962 . The famous scientist and assistant of Nehru Ji , Vikram Sarabhai was the first chairman of ISRO. He was called the father of the Indian space program.

The main objective of ISRO was to develop space technology to benefit the nation for various national works. ISRO has successfully completed 75 spacecraft missions. 46 launch missions have been successfully carried out by ISRO. The SLV was the first Indian-made vehicle to launch the satellite Rohin.

ISRO’s plans include projects on new generation earth observation satellites. ISRO plans to launch two vehicles, which are Integrated Launch Vehicle and Reusable Launch Vehicle Technology Demonstrator.

ISRO has also planned several extra-terrestrial explorations, such as Chandrayaan 2, Solar Exploration Program and Venus Exploration Human Resource Development.

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Essay on ISRO For UPSC
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Essay on ISRO For UPSC 250 words

In 1969 by the Government of India , The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) was established . It is headquartered in Bangalore in Andhra Pradesh and is under the umbrella of the Department of Space. The modern space program gained momentum under the leadership of Vikram Sarabhai. The objective of ISRO is to develop and promote space technology and expand its applications for the benefit of the nation. Achieved many milestones since its inception.

In India , ISRO launched its first satellite Aryabhata Rohini. In 2008, PSLV rockets managed to launch Chandrayaan-1 to the Moon. Mars Orbiter Mission in 2014. ISRO made breakthrough in Navigation Satellite System. GAGAN and IRNSS have been deployed. ISRO created history by successfully launching 104 satellites on a single rocket from the spaceport of Sriharikota. It is also very important for military upgrades under constant threat from our neighbours.

ISRO has applied its technology for the benefit of mankind in telemedicine, weather forecasting, farming, geological mapping ,remote sensing and disaster management , survey, satellite communication controlling deforestation and security purpose. It also faces some challenges like adequate funding, development of GSLV satellites and solar shielding of satellites.

ISRO is at par with the world’s major space research organizations including NASA, CNSA of the United States and the European Space Agency, ESA. Dedicated and hardworking scientists are giving new direction to ISRO. ISRO has made a mark in space technology with the latest satellite launches and development of state-of-the-art engines. It will soon become a leading space organization in the world with the most efficient and cost-effective services.

We hope you liked our essay on ISRO.


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500 Words Essay on ISRO For UPSC

ISRO, the Indian Space Research Organization, is the national space agency of India based in the city of Bengaluru. In addition, the Department of Space, Government of India controls the ISRO space agency. Let us know more about this space agency with this essay on ISRO.

About ISRO Space Agency

ISRO was formed in the year 1969. Moreover, in national development , the vision behind the establishment of ISRO was to develop and harness space technology . In addition, this development and exploitation of space technology was to take place while advancing space science research and planetary exploration.

ISRO is the successor of the Indian National Committee for Space Research which was established in the year 1962. ISRO now enjoys the reputation of being one of the elite space agencies of the world.

As of now, ISRO is the primary Indian agency to undertake activities related to development of new technologies, space exploration and space-based applications. In addition, ISRO is one of only six government agencies that operate a large fleet of artificial satellites, deploy cryogenic engines, perform extraterrestrial missions, and have full launch capability.

Over the course of many years, ISRO has been involved in the space service for the benefit of the common man as well as the nation. In addition, by ISRO ,one of the largest fleets of communication satellites and remote sensing satellites is maintained. They play the role of fast and reliable communication as well as earth observation.

Achievements of ISRO

Aryabhata was the first Indian satellite built by ISRO, which was launched on April 19, 1975. Also, 1980 was another important year for ISRO as the Rohini satellite was launched. In addition, Rohini was successfully placed in orbit by SLV-3.

In January 2014, ISRO used an indigenously built cryogenic engine for GSLV-D5. Also, it was the launch of the GSAT-14 satellite. Most notable, this made India one of only six countries to have developed cryogenic technology.

Apart from technical capabilities, ISRO has also contributed a lot in the field of science. In addition, ISRO is in charge of its own lunar and interplanetary missions. In addition, ISRO controls various specific projects to promote science education and to provide data to the scientific community.

Two rockets have been developed by ISRO, which are the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) and the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV). In addition, ISRO sent Chandrayaan-1, a lunar orbiter, on 22 October 2008, which made a spectacular discovery of lunar water in the form of ice.

The Mars Orbiter mission was sent by ISRO on 5 November 2013, which entered Mars orbit on 24 September 2014, making India successful in its attempt at Mars.

Conclusion of Essay on ISRO

There is no doubt that ISRO is indeed the pride of India. In addition, it has enhanced India’s reputation as a country of scientific thought and development in the world. It is expected that ISRO will continue on its noble mission of space and technological exploration in future.



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10 lines on Essay on ISRO For UPSC in english

1. The Department of Space manages the organization of ISRO.
2. The main goal of ISRO is to develop space technology.
3. ISRO was earlier known as INCOSPAR.
4. Its headquarter is located in South India.
5. ISRO’s launch vehicle has been used to launch 51 foreign satellites.
6. Similarly, twenty eight satellites of ISRO have been launched by foreign launch vehicles.
7. ISRO has applied its technology in telemedicine for the benefit of humanity.
8. The aim of the SLV launched by ISRO was to reach the low earth orbit of 500 km.
9. Only two of ISRO’s four test flights were successful.
10. ASLV was a 5 stage solid propellant rocket launched by ISRO.

FAQ for Essay on ISRO For UPSC

question 1.
How many centers are there in ISRO?

There are six centers and many other units, agencies and facilities spread all over the country.

Question 2.
Which was the first launch vehicle of India?

Satellite Launch Vehicle-3 (SLV-3) was the first launch vehicle in India.

Question 3.
What is the main objective of ISRO?

The main objective of ISRO is to develop space technology and meet various national needs.

Question 4.
How many satellites have been launched by ISRO?

ISRO launched 104 satellites.

Question 5: Mention some activities of ISRO?

Answer 1: Some of the activities of ISRO are operation of large fleet of artificial satellites, deployment of cryogenic engines, carrying out extraterrestrial missions and full launch capabilities.

Question 6: Mention any two satellites launched by ISRO?

Answer 2: The two satellites launched by ISRO are Aryabhata and Rohini. In addition, Aryabhata was the first Indian satellite to be built by ISRO. In addition, Rohini was the first satellite to be put into orbit by SLV-3.

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