(Last Updated On: September 22, 2021)

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti: Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national festival in India every year on 2nd October. This day is celebrated to remember the birth of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1948). It is one of the three national holidays, namely Independence Day and Republic Day, which are celebrated in India. Mahatma Gandhi, who has given the title of “Father of the Nation” or “Father of the Nation”, is also known as “Bapu”. He was a great follower of peace (truth) and ahimsa (non-violence). He is regarded as the leader of freedom struggle for India and is much appreciated for his simplicity and principle follower. Hence, on his birthday, October 2, Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national holiday and people spend their time remembering his teachings and principles. Read on to know more about Essay on Mahatma Gandhi in 500 words in English.

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Gandhi Jayanti History

Mahatma Gandhi had a business class family. At the age of 24, Mahatma Gandhi went to South Africa to study law and he came back to India in 1915. After returning to India, he became a member of the Indian National Congress. Due to his hard work at this time, he became the President of Congress. He not only worked for the independence of India, he also fought for various types of social evils like untouchability, casteism, female subjugation etc. He also helped so many poor and needy people.

“Let’s follow the path of truth and spread the message of the Father of the Nation”

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti
Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Importance of Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti Essay

Bapu was born at the time when Britishers were ruling in India. He has played the most significant role in the struggle of Indian independence. His love for the nation, supreme dedication for our country’s independence and kindness to poor people has given him the honor to be called “Father of the Nation” or “Bapu”.

Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence all over the world, declared by the United Nations General Assembly on the 15th of June 2007. The purpose is to spread Mahatma Gandhi’s philosophy, his teachings of non-violence and peace all over the world. In some of the places, Gandhi’s birthday is celebrated with physical activities based on some theme, to grow public awareness worldwide. Soonly we will update Gandhi Jayanti Essay in Tamil, Hindi, Gujarati, Bengali.

How Gandhi Jayanti is Celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in numerous innovative ways by the students and teachers of schools and colleges, government officials, etc. all over India. It is feasted at Raj Ghat, New Delhi by offering flowers to Mahatma Gandhi’s statues. While offering the honor people sings his favorite devotional song “Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram” and other conventional activities are performed by the government officials. Raj Ghat is the cremation place of Bapu, which is decorated with garlands and flowers. Homage is given to this great leader by placing bouquets and flowers at the Samadhi. Religious prayer is also held at the samadhi, in the morning.

Schools, colleges, government offices, post offices, banks, etc remain closed on Gandhi Jayanti to pay tribute to the national leader of India. We celebrate this day to remember Bapu and his great deeds. Students are allotted to perform various tasks on this day like, poem or speech recitation, essay writing, drama play, slogan writing, group discussion, etc based on the life and works of Mahatma Gandhi.

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About Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi was born in a small coastal town, Porbandar, Gujarat. He did great things throughout his life which still have an impact on people in this modern era. He has made a lot of effort to achieve Swaraj, remove the practice of untouchability from the society, remove other social evils, empower women’s rights, develop the economic condition of the farmers and much more. He launched three movements like the Non-Cooperation Movement in 1920, the Dandi March or Salt Satyagraha in 1930 and the Quit India Movement in 1942 so that the people of India could get freedom from British rule. His Quit India Movement was a call to the British to leave India.

The true meaning of civil disobedience is to undermine civil law, especially as a way of dissenting to certain demands. Mahatma Gandhi used civil disobedience as a non-violent method to oppose British rule. He started many civil disobedience movements during the British rule in protest against many harsh acts and policies of the British government. Civil disobedience was one of the reasons that led to India’s independence.

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In 1916, Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned for organizing the civil defense of thousands of landless farmers and servants in the Champaran district of Bihar, India. Through the Champaran Satyagraha of 1916, Mahatma Gandhi protested the increasing tax (Lagaan) imposed by the British on farmers during the devastating shortage with farmers and servants. Gandhi stunned the British with his stern determination in 1930 by marching 440 km towards the sea. This was originally to fight the British salt monopoly and motivate Indians to impose salt tax forcibly by the British. The Dandi Salt March is recorded in history, where around 60,000 people imprisoned the result of the protest march.

However the story and the extent of India’s freedom struggle was very long and many people sacrificed their lives during the process. Eventually, India achieved independence in August 1947. But with independence came the terrible partition. Seeing the religious violence over the liberation of India and Pakistan after Partition and India’s independence in 1947, Gandhi started innumerable fasts to end religious violence. Bapu was assassinated on January 30, 1948 (the date of death of Mahatma Gandhi), after Nathuram Godse opened fire at Birla House, New Delhi.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti for Students in English

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national occasion on October 2 every year to mark the occasion of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Renowned as Mahatma Gandhi, he is one of those few leaders whose persistent efforts left an imprint on India’s young generation. His legacy is still remembered till date.

Gandhi Jayanti is followed by prayer services and tributes across the nation. The prime minister of India and other eminent politicians visit Gandhi’s memorial Raj Ghat in New Delhi where he was cremated to pay their respects. Educational institutions, colleges and universities celebrate Gandhi Jayanti through prayer meetings or watching documentaries on his life or any other cultural activities.

In many places in India, people decorate the Gandhi statues to pay respect with flowers and garlands. Another observance is to avoid eating meats or consume alcohol on this special occasion.

Significance of Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is one of the major national festivals/ holidays which is celebrated all over the country and even outside India as well i.e. South Africa, United States, United Kingdom, Geneva, Denmark. Furthermore, October 2 is also announced as International Day of Non-Violence by the United Nations. The festival is certainly a momentous occasion in India. This is certainly one of the great occasions in India.

Every year on Mahatma Gandhi’s birth anniversary, his ideas are revisited by the Indians as many take pledge to follow the similar ideologies as shown by the greatest leader of masses. His non-violent ways to protest (Ahimsa) will always be indebted forever amongst his followers and Indian citizens across the globe.

About Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, Gujarat in British-ruled India. Gandhi’s family belonged to the business class.

At the age of 24, he traveled to South Africa to study law. At that time, he also raised his voice against racism as he himself was subjected to the racial segregation system while traveling in the train. He was thrown out of the first class railway compartment because he was of Indian origin and did not belong to the white race.

He returned from South Africa in the year of 1915. After that, he became an active member of the Indian National Congress and he soon became the President of the Congress party due to his tireless efforts.

As Gandhiji developed an amount of hatred towards the British, the then ruler of India, he quit becoming a lawyer and adopted a non-violent resistance to lead several notable campaigns against the British for India’s independence. Some notable non-violent civil rights movements to achieve independence under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi were Champaran and Kheda Satyagraha. The non-cooperation movement was the Salt Satyagraha and the Quit India Movement.

Amidst all the peaceful civil rights movements, Gandhi started the Dandi March in 1930, where his protest was against the illegally imposed salt tax by the British government. He also tried to start the famous Quit India Movement in 1942 to call upon the British to leave India. His thoughts and ideas inspired the whole country and as a result, many youth and masses joined him and followed all the values ​​and movements started by him. Gandhi led many important campaigns for various social causes till his last breath to achieve Swaraj or self-rule.

Apart from fighting against the British rulers, Gandhiji also fought against various evil social systems such as the caste system, untouchability. He also took initiative to raise awareness about equality and fraternity in the society.

Gandhi was awarded the title of ‘Mahatma’ (meaning ‘Great Soul’) by the greatest poet Rabindranath Tagore because he sacrificed his whole life, opted for a simpler lifestyle, fought against foreign oppressors and achieved He left his career to do so. Freedom for his country and the people of the country.


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A Few Famous Quotes By Gandhiji

  1. “”Non-violence is the greatest force at the disposal of mankind. It is more powerful than the most powerful weapon of destruction man’s cleverly devised.”
  2. “I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and non-violence are as old as the hills. All I have done is try to experiment with both as extensively as I can.”
  3. “Almost everything you do has no importance, but it is important that you do it.”
  4. An error does not become true because of manifold expansion, nor does truth become an error because no one sees it.
  5. “Those who say that religion has nothing to do with politics do not know what religion is.”
  6. “In a gentle way, you can shake the world.”
  7. “Freedom is not worth having if it does not include the freedom to make mistakes.”



Gandhi Jayanti is observed on the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi, who was born on 2nd October 1869. He was a freedom fighter who has earned himself a sobriquet – ‘Father of the nation’. People fondly called him ‘Bapu’ and till date carry his thoughts and beliefs in their hearts.

Short and Long Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Essay 1 (250 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated in India every year on 2nd October on the birth anniversary of the Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi. It is observed as a public holiday and schools ,colleges and offices remain closed.

How is Gandhi Jayanti celebrated?

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated with great respect for the Father of the Nation and his experimentation with truth and non-violence. Events like essay writing, speech competition and others are organized at many places across the country.

Gandhi Jayanti is also celebrated in South Africa, where Gandhi fought for 21 years advocating the rights of Indians and native blacks. Special commemorative events are organized in Indian embassies in other parts of the world.

In 2007, the United Nations General Assembly designated 2 October, the date of birth of Mahatma Gandhi, as the International Day of Peace and Non-Violence, which is celebrated all over the world.

Significance of Gandhi Jayanti

Throughout his public life, Mahatma Gandhi had practiced strict discipline in daily activities and conduct. He had tremendous faith in his policies, which was also reflected in the public. He was a legend who gave the world a new weapon to fight against injustice and oppression and – “non-cooperation”. His combined policies of truth, non-violence and non-cooperation were an instant hit among the masses. Celebrating his birthday and remembering his values ​​helps us to grow more as a society and a nation.


Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival when the country remembers its greatest warrior who fought for the rights of millions and freed the country from the oppressive rule of the British.

Essay 2 (400 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2 October as a national holiday in India. On this day in 1869, Mahatma Gandhi, one of the great freedom fighters of India, was born in Porbandar, Gujarat. India celebrates the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi with almost religious dedication.

Gandhi Jayanti Observations and Programs

Gandhi Jayanti is a public holiday and is celebrated as a national festival in India. Several memorial programs are organized across the country in honor of Mahatma Gandhi. His statues are cleaned and garlanded all over the country. People from all walks of life pay homage to the Father of the Nation.

Gandhi’s last rites were performed at Raj Ghat in New Delhi. Special commemorative programs are organized there on Gandhi Jayanti. Senior leaders start coming here from morning itself. They pay their respects to the Father of the Nation and take a pledge to follow his principles of truth and non-violence. Gandhiji’s favorite hymn – “Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram” is sung and people read it with respect.

Gandhi Jayanti as International Day of Non-Violence

Gandhiji was not only a national leader but his political acumen, policies and courage had fans across the border. His policy of truth and non-violence was one of his experiments and was quite successful at that.

A moment of extraordinary pride for the people of India came on 15 June 2007, when the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution to celebrate Gandhi Jayanti on 2 October as the ‘International Day of Non-Violence’.

The idea was born in the same year at an international conference on ‘Peace, Nonviolence and Empowerment’ in New Delhi.

The United Nations wants to celebrate this day to promote peace and harmony at the global level. It also seeks to unite world communities, including governmental and non-governmental organizations, in this regard. Gandhiji’s policies are tested with time and are recognized globally as well.

The celebration of an International Day based on Gandhi’s policies of truth and non-violence and his efforts to uphold harmony and brotherhood is only a fitting tribute to the greatest leader of the world.


Gandhiji had always said that an eye for an eye will make the whole world blind. This principle finds great relevance in today’s context and is an inspiration to sustain us. We should celebrate Gandhi Jayanti with full faith and dedication to the principles of Gandhi.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti for Students and Children

500+ Words Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Gandhi Jayanti is a major national festival celebrated on 2 October in India. Most notable, this festival celebrates the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. In addition, Gandhi Jayanti is one of the three national holidays of India. October 2 has been declared by the United Nations as the International Day of Non-Violence. The festival is certainly an important occasion in India.

Essay on Gandhi Jayanti

Significance of Gandhi Jayanti

Mahatma Gandhi was born in India under British rule. He was certainly the most prominent figure in the Indian freedom struggle. Mahatma Gandhi is honored with the title of “Father of the Nation”. This was due to his constant paramount efforts for the independence of India.
Gandhi’s family belonged to the business class. This confident man moved to South Africa at the age of 24. He went there to study law. He returned from South Africa in 1915. Then he became a member of the Indian National Congress. Due to his tireless hard work, he soon became the President of Congress.

Mahatma Gandhi’s efforts were not limited to Indian independence only. The man also fought many kinds of social evils. These social evils were untouchability, casteism, female subjugation etc. Apart from this, he also made significant efforts to help the poor and needy.

Mahatma Gandhi had a great dislike for the British rule in India. However, he was not in favor of the path of violence. Gandhi strictly believed in the philosophy of ahimsa (non-violence). As a result, the man peacefully opposed the British rule. In addition, Gandhi’s peaceful protests and agitations were highly effective. His methods and plans were very efficient. Because of his incredible effectiveness, Gandhiji became an inspiration to other world leaders. Once again, Gandhi was awarded another title of Mahatma. The word Mahatma means a great soul. His birthday was turned into a day of glorious remembrance and celebration.

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memory of Mahatma Gandhi

Firstly, Gandhi Jayanti is nothing but a grand commemoration of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi Jayanti is certainly one of the national holidays of India. The celebration of this patriotic occasion is organized in every state and union territory.

Prayer services and tributes take place on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. These prayer services and tributes take place across the country. Apart from this, various prayer meetings and memorial ceremonies also take place on Gandhi Jayanti. These events are held in schools, colleges, government and private institutions. The most important thing is that people from all walks of life take part in such events.

There are competitions for painting, essay etc. everywhere. In addition, prizes are distributed for such competitions. Students in many schools and colleges also watch documentaries and performances on the life of Mahatma Gandhi. As a result, there is promotion of a non-violent lifestyle among the youth. There are also singing programs of Gandhiji’s favorite bhajans (Hindu devotional songs). Another ritual is to adorn Gandhi statues with flowers and garlands. Lastly, some people refrain from eating meat or drinking alcohol on Gandhi Jayanti.

Gandhi Jayanti honors the great personality of Mahatma Gandhi. This is an opportunity to reflect and cherish the life of this great personality. Apart from this, everyone should try to live like him on this day. Gandhi Jayanti is certainly a very patriotic day in India.

Essay 3 (600 Words)


Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated on 2nd October to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi aka Mahatma Gandhi, also known as ‘Bapu’ in India. Bapu’s birth anniversary is celebrated as a national holiday in India.

About Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi (2 October 1869 – 30 January 1949) was a great freedom fighter of India, who is still respected today for his contribution to India’s freedom struggle. He was like a father figure to millions of Indians who were ready to stand at his one command.

After returning from South Africa in 1915, Gandhi became active in Indian politics. He lived in Africa for 21 years and made himself a big name across the world by advocating and fighting for the rights of Indians there. By the time he entered the Indian freedom struggle, Gandhi was already famous in political circles.

Soon, his simple lifestyle and high thinking immediately connected him with the lower strata of Indian society – farmers, labourers, small traders etc. People of all religions, cultures and states accepted him as their leader. and can also solve their problem.

During the three decades during which Gandhi was active in the freedom struggle, he led many mass movements fighting for the rights of farmers and poor Indians against the oppressive policies of the British. Some of the famous movements were Champaran Movement (1917), Kheda Movement (1918), Non-Cooperation Movement (1920), Salt Satyagraha (1930), and Quit India Movement (1942).

Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations

Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated as a national holiday and all offices and institutions are generally closed for the day. The people of India have great respect for Mahatma Gandhi and this is reflected in the enthusiasm to celebrate his birth anniversary. Events may be different in schools, colleges, offices or other places, but they have one thing in common – to honor one of India’s greatest freedom fighters and remember his philosophy of ‘truth and non-violence’ .

in schools

There is an element of grandeur and grandeur of Gandhi Jayanti celebrations in schools across India. Little children wrapped in a dhoti and holding a stick in an attempt to look like Gandhi reveal a lot about the man and his popularity among the Indian masses. Children perform several plays based on the various movements that Gandhi led for India’s independence.

in offices

Although government offices are closed for normal business, it is mandatory for the employees to be present in honor of Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhi’s life and works are discussed in the presence of the staff. The employees reaffirm their belief in honesty and non-violence as advocated by Gandhi throughout his life.

other places

Several commemorative events are organized at relevant places across the country. Almost every city in India has a crossing or road named after Mahatma Gandhi and a crossing or park also has a life size statue of him. People and local politicians gather in the morning and garland the statues while hailing the Father of the Nation.

At Raj Ghat, New Delhi

Raj Ghat, in the national capital New Delhi is the place where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated. Many politicians from the party line visit Raj Ghat on Gandhi Jayanti to pay respect to Bapu. It is very common for the President, Prime Minister and other senior ministers to visit Raj Ghat on Gandhi Jayanti.


Mahatma Gandhi was a man of exceptional leadership qualities and courage who led India on the path of independence. Celebrating his birth anniversary gives us an excuse to look back on the freedom struggle and value our freedom and equality.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Q.1 Where did Gandhiji use his first Satyagraha?

answer. Gandhiji did his first Satyagraha in 1906 in South Africa.

Q.2 Who was the spiritual guru of Mahatma Gandhi?

answer. Leo Tolstoy was the spiritual mentor of Mahatma Gandhi.

Q.3 When do we celebrate International Day of Nonviolence?

answer. International Day of Nonviolence is celebrated on 2nd October, Gandhi’s birthday.

Q.4 Which university had invited Gandhiji on its foundation day?

answer. Gandhiji was invited by the Banaras Hindu University to speak on the foundation stone of the university.

Q.5 When did Gandhiji return to India from South Africa?

answer. Gandhiji returned to India from South Africa on 9 January and this day is celebrated as Pravasi Bharat Diwas.

Q.6 When were the Mahatma Gandhi series banknotes issued by RBI?

answer. Mahatma Gandhi series banknotes were issued by RBI in 1996

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