NRACETJOB DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 3 July 2021 : NRACETJOBlinks help you to think beyond this issue but relevant to the issue from UPSC Prelims and Mains exam point of view. These relationships, provided in this ‘hint’ format, help to formulate possible questions in your mind that may arise (or a tester can imagine) from each current event. NRACETJOBLinks also links each issue to their static or theoretical background. It helps you to study a topic holistically and add new dimensions to each current event by helping you to think analytically.

 

NRACETJOB DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB SUMMARY- 3 July 2021


GS Paper  :  1


Topics Covered: Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution,  significant features, amendments, provisions and basic structure.

Union vs Centre: Why DMK wants to use the ‘correct’ term for the government of India:

 

Context:

What is the exact term to refer to the Government of India which sits in New Delhi and is formed along with the States and Local Bodies, the Indian State?

Popularly – and often also in official communication – the institution is referred to as the “central government”. Or even just the center briefly.
However, Tamil Nadu’s ruling party DMK By Stalin insists that the correct term is actually “central government”.

 

How did this controversy start?

Ever since the new DMK government took office on 7 May, official statements and press releases have used the Tamil word “Ondriya Arasu” to refer to the central government. Earlier, the preferred term in state government communications seemed to be “Mathiya Arasu” or the central government.

According to its leaders, the Constitution describes India as a “Union of States” and therefore the ideal reference to the Center would be “Central Government”.

 

What does the constitution of India say?

  • The Indian Constitution consistently uses the word “Union” to describe the entire country as well as the government that governs it.
  • For example, “The executive power of the Union shall be vested in the President” according to Article 53 reads.
  • It is from Article 1 itself: “India, which is India, shall be a Union of States”.
  • Please note, Central Government is a term not used in the original Constitution passed by the Constituent Assembly.

 

Intent of the Constituent Assembly:

The emphasis was on the integration and confluence of various provinces and territories to form a strong united country:

That is why on December 13, 1946, Jawaharlal Nehru introduced the aims and objectives of the Assembly, resolving that India would be a federation of territories wishing to join an “independent sovereign republic”.
BR Ambedkar justified the use of ‘Union of States’ by saying that the Drafting Committee wanted to make it clear that though India was to be a federation, it was not the result of an agreement and, therefore, no state could be separated from it. does not have the right to be. this.

Union vs Center – Which is better?

  • The ‘centre’ or ‘central government’ tends to centralize the powers in a single unit.
  • There is a unifying effect of ‘Central Government’ or ‘Government of India’ as the message to be conveyed is that Government belongs to all.
  • According to Subhash Kashyap, the use of the word ‘centre’ or ‘central government’ would mean that the state governments are subordinate to it.

 

So why are there two words?

  • The term is a carryover from colonial times.
  • The term was used directly and indirectly in the Regulating Act of 1773 and the Government of India Act of 1919.
  • It was only in 1935, when a new Act of the Government of India proposed that the term “Federation of India” was used for the first time.
  • The modern term a British plan to keep India united after the transfer of power, “Union” was first used officially in 1946 by the Cabinet Mission Plan.

Significance of Tamil Nadu Government’s decision:

The decision of the Government of Tamil Nadu to stop the use of the word ‘Central Government’ in its official communication and replace it with ‘Central Government’ is a major step towards reclaiming the consciousness of our Constitution.

 

NRACETJOB links:

NRACETJOB Link:

  • Articles 1 and 53 of the Indian Constitution.

Overview of:

1773 Regulating Act.
1919 Government of India Act.
Government of India Act 1935.

Mains Link:

Although India was to be a federation, it was not the result of an agreement and hence, no state has the right to secede from it. Discuss.

 

Sources: the Hindu, PIB.


GS Paper  :  2


 

Topics Covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

BharatNet project:


Context:

The Union Cabinet has approved the revised implementation strategy of BharatNet through Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode in 16 states of the country.

Beginnings include:

The government will provide Rs 19,041 crore as viability gap fund for the project.
In the said states , BharatNet will now extend to all the inhabited villages beyond the Gram Panchayats (GPs) in the said states.
This includes creation, upgradation, operation, maintenance and use of BharatNet by the Concessionaire, who will be selected through a competitive international bidding process.

Importance:

The PPP model will leverage private sector efficiencies for operation, maintenance, utilization and revenue generation, and is expected to result in faster rollout of BharatNet.
Extending the reach of BharatNet to all inhabited villages with reliable, quality, high-speed broadband will enable better access to e-services offered by various central and state government agencies.
It will also enable online education, telemedicine, skill development, e-commerce and other applications of broadband.

 

About BharatNet:

  • The BharatNet project was originally launched as National Optical Fiber Network (NOFN) in 2011 and was renamed as Bharat-Net in 2015.
  • It seeks to provide connectivity to 2.5 lakh gram panchayats through optical fiber.
  • This is a major mission implemented by Bharat Broadband Network Limited (BBNL).
  • It aims to facilitate the delivery of e-governance, e-health, e-education, e-banking, internet and other services in rural India.

The broad vision of the project is:

  • Establishing a highly scalable network infrastructure accessible on a non-discriminatory basis.
  • On demand, affordable broadband connectivity of 2 Mbps to 20 Mbps for all households and on-demand capacity to all institutions.
  • Realizing the vision of Digital India in partnership with the states and the private sector.

Implementation:

The project is a Centre-State collaborative project, in which states have contributed free rights of way for the installation of optical fiber networks.

The entire project is being funded by the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF), which was set up to improve telecom services in rural and remote areas of the country.

 

NRACETJOB Curious:

Do you know what is dark fiber? read here

 

NRACETJOBlinks:

NRACETJOB Link:

  • About BharatNet
  • Purpose and implementation.
  • About USOF
  • About BBNL

Mains Link:

Discuss the importance of BharatNet project.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

 

Topics Covered: Infrastructure- Energy.

Revamped Distribution Sector Scheme for better operations & financial sustainability of all DISCOMs:


Context:

The scheme was recently approved by the Union Cabinet.

 

Salient Features of the Scheme:

  • It is a reform based and result linked scheme.
  • It seeks to improve the operational efficiency and financial stability of all DISCOMs/Power Departments except the private sector DISCOMs.
  • The scheme envisages provision of conditional financial assistance to DISCOMs for strengthening the supply infrastructure.
  • The assistance will be based on meeting the pre-qualification criteria as well as achievement of basic minimum benchmarks by DISCOM.
  • The plan includes a mandatory smart metering ecosystem in the distribution sector – from the power feeder to the consumer level, which covers about 250 million households.
  • The scheme also focuses on funding for feeder separation for unconnected feeders.
  • The scheme has a special focus on improving power supply for farmers and providing them day time electricity through solarization of agricultural feeders.

 

Implementation:

  • The existing power sector reform schemes like Integrated Electricity Development Scheme, Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana and Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana will be merged into this umbrella programme.
  • Each state will have its own action plan for the implementation of the plan and not a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach.
  • The nodal agencies for the implementation of the scheme are Rural Electrification Corporation (REC) Limited and Power Finance Corporation (PFC).

Objectives of the scheme:

  • To reduce the average total technical and commercial losses by 12-15% at all India level by 2024-25.
  • Reduce the deficit between the cost of electricity and the price at which it is supplied by 2024-25.
  • To develop institutional capabilities for modern discoms.
  • Improving the quality, reliability and affordability of power supply to consumers through a financially sustainable and operationally efficient distribution sector.

 

NRACETJOB Curious:

  • Do you know what is Energy Mix?
  • Do you know what Net Zero is?

 

 

NRACETJOBlinks:

NRACETJOB Link:

  • about rec
  • About DDGJY
  • About IPDS
  • Features of Revamped Distribution Area Scheme.

Mains Link:

Write a note on power sector reforms in India.

 

Sources: PIB.

 

Topics Covered: Conservation related issues.

Green Hydrogen:


NRACETJOB DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB SUMMARY 3 July 2021
NRACETJOB DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS PIB SUMMARY 3 July 2021

Context:

Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) is investing Rs 75,000 crore in its new business focused on clean energy, which includes solar and green hydrogen.

The company will build four giga factories focusing on solar, storage batteries, green hydrogen and a fuel cell factory that can convert hydrogen into mobile and stationary power.

What is Green Hydrogen?

Hydrogen produced by electrolysis using renewable energy is known as Green Hydrogen which has no carbon footprint.

The hydrogen that is in use today is produced using fossil fuels, which are the primary source.
Organic materials such as fossil fuels and biomass are used to release hydrogen through chemical processes.

Importance of Green Hydrogen:

Green hydrogen energy is critical for India to meet its Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) targets and ensure regional and national energy security, access and availability.
Green hydrogen can serve as an energy storage option, which will be needed to fill the gap (of renewable energy) in the future.
In terms of mobility, green hydrogen can be used in railways, large ships, buses or trucks, etc., for urban freight transportation within cities and states, or for long-distance mobilization for passengers.

Applications of Green Hydrogen:

Green chemicals such as ammonia and methanol can be directly used in existing applications such as fertilisers, mobility, power, chemicals, shipping etc.
Green hydrogen blending up to 10% may be adopted in CGD networks to gain wider acceptance.

Benefit:

It is a clean burning molecule, which can decarbonize many sectors including iron and steel, chemicals and transportation.
Renewable energy that cannot be stored or used by the grid can be channeled to produce hydrogen.

What are the steps taken by the Government of India in the production of Green Hydrogen?

During the budget speech in February 2021, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced the launch of Hydrogen Energy Mission to produce hydrogen from renewable sources.
In the same month, state-owned Indian Oil Corporation signed an agreement with Greenstat Norway to set up a Center of Excellence (CoE-H) on Hydrogen. It will promote R&D projects for production of green and blue hydrogen between Norwegian and Indian R&D institutions/universities.
Recently, India and the US have formed a task force under the aegis of the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership (SCEP) to raise finance and accelerate green energy development.

NRACETJOB Curious:

Do you know the difference between Blue Hydrogen and Green Hydrogen.

NRACETJOBlinks:

NRACETJOB Link:

  • About Green Hydrogen
  • How is it produced?
  • Application.
  • Benefit.
  • About Hydrogen Energy Mission

Mains Link:

Discuss the advantages of green hydrogen.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

 


Facts for Prelims:


Indian Ocean Naval Symposium:

7th edition of Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS), a biennial event, was hosted by the French Navy recently.

  • IONS is a significant international maritime security initiative launched in February 2008.
  • It provides a forum for discussion of regional maritime issues and promotes friendly relationships among member nations.
  • It is a voluntary initiative that seeks to increase maritime co-operation among navies of the littoral states of the Indian Ocean Region by providing an open and inclusive forum for discussion of regionally relevant maritime issues.
  • IONS includes 24 nations that permanently hold territory that abuts or lies within the Indian Ocean, and 8 observer nations.

 


 

Topics Covered: Conservation and pollution related issues.

Study links Black Carbon with premature deaths:


Context:

A team of researchers conducted a study on black carbon and its effects on health.

 

key findings:

Black carbon has significant adverse effects on human health and can lead to premature death.
The Indo-Gangetic Plain is exposed to black carbon (BC), which has serious implications for regional climate and human health.
Mortality increases linearly with increasing levels of air pollutants and shows adverse effects at higher levels.

 

Relevance and importance of the study:

The inclusion of BC as a potential health hazard prompts further epidemiological studies and provides a background for providing evidence of health effects of air pollutants from different parts of India.
This will help governments and policy-makers to better plan for mitigating the adversities associated with the changing climate-air pollution-health nexus.

 

What is Black Carbon? What are the concerns?

Black carbon is the result of incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. BC results from both natural and human activities as a result of the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels and biomass.

Primary sources include emissions from diesel engines, cook stoves, wood burning and wildfires.
It is a short-lived pollutant that is the second largest contributor to warming the planet behind carbon dioxide (CO2).

 

NRACETJOB Curious:

Despite the similar names, carbon black should not be confused with black carbon. What is Carbon Black? Click Here (Read very briefly from exam point of view. Preferably to save time)

 

NRACETJOBlinks:

NRACETJOB Link:

  • Black coal.
  • source.
  • effect.
  • What is Brown Carbon?

Mains Link:

Discuss the issues related to the deposition of black carbon on ice.

 

Sources: the Hindu.

 

See Also:

Overpopulation  Problem Essay , Article , Paragraph , Prevention Steps 2021

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC IAS Preparation 2021: Today Current Affairs GK

Short Essay On Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Essay : Speech On Abdul Kalam

World Population Day Essay

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